Ho Chi Minh City


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Ho Chi Minh City


Ho Chi Minh City, commonly known as Saigon or by the abbreviations HCMC or HCM, is the largest city in Vietnam and the former capital of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam).

Following the fall of Saigon in 1975, Saigon was renamed Ho Chi Minh City. However the old Saigon name is still used by both Vietnamese and foreigners, especially when referring to the most central part of the city, to which most tourists flock. 

The city center is situated on the banks of the Saigon River, 60 kilometers (37 mi) from the South China Sea[3] and 1,760 kilometers (1,090 mi) south of Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam.

The city has a tropical wet and dry climate, with an average humidity of 75%. The rainy season, with about 150 rainy days per year, usually begins in May and ends in November. The dry season lasts from December to April. The average temperature is 28 °C (82 °F), the highest temperature sometimes reaches 39 °C (102 °F) and the lowest may fall below 16 °C (61 °F) in late December.

Tan Son Nhat is Vietnam's largest international airport. You can fly direct to SGN from many Asian and European countries.

There are plenty of nice and reasonably priced local hotels available for tourists as well as the very expensive international chains like Sheraton and Hyatt.

The metropolitan area is populated by more than 9,000,000 people, making it the most populous metropolitan area in Vietnam.

The inhabitants of Hồ Chí Minh City are usually known as "Saigonese" in English, "Saigonnais" in French and "dân Sài Gòn" in Vietnamese.

The main language is Vietnamese. The local dialect of Vietnamese is the southern dialect, which differs somewhat from the northern dialect spoken in Hanoi. English is spoken by most of the younger well-educated upper class.

The economy of Hồ Chí Minh City consists of industries ranging from mining, seafood processing, agriculture, and construction, to tourism, finance, industry and trade.

The city is adorned with wide elegant boulevards and historic French colonial buildings. The most prominent structures in the city center are Reunification Palace, City Hall, the Municipal Theatre also known as the Opera House, State Bank Office, City People's Court and Notre-Dame Cathedral. Some of the historic hotels are the Hotel Majestic, dating from the French colonial era, and the Rex and Caravelle hotels, former hangouts for American officers and war correspondents in the 1960s/70s.

The city has various museums, such as the Ho Chi Minh City Museum, Museum of Vietnamese History, the Revolutionary Museum, the Museum of Southeastern Armed Forces, the War Remnants Museum, the Museum of Southern Women, the Museum of Fine Art, the Nha Rong Memorial House, and the Ben Duoc Relic of Underground Tunnels.

All foreign visitors are required to get a Visa. For a three- or six-month work visa, a passport and an invitation or assignment letter are required. The passport with a relevant visa is the most important document for a foreigner in Vietnam. It is recommended that all visitors register with their local Consulate or Embassy upon arrival in Ho Chi Minh City.

It is essential that you have a business or work visa before starting work in Vietnam and that you ensure that your company registers you as a tax payer and provides you with a pay slip clearly showing the tax deduced from your monthly salary. It is also important to apply for a work permit once you are in the country.


For expats,proximity to schools and the degree of security are often the most important issues. Expats seeking to live in houses tend to live outside the city, where there are larger villas with elaborate gardens and swimming pools. The international schools are also located in these areas outside of the main city. Rental agreements require a deposit that is equal to three months’ rent and the renter will need to pay six months’ rent in advance.


Most Vietnamese are warm, friendly, and helpful. Ho Chi Minh City is a great city to live in, and it is a great place to visit.

Overview of Ho Chi Minh City

Overview of Ho Chi Minh City

Ho Chi Minh (Saigon)
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